“Hector Guimard: How Paris Got Its Curves” in Chicago from June 22 to November 5
In June 22 Chicago’s Richard H. Driehaus Museum will open an exhibition about the French Art Nouveau architect and designer Hector Guimard (1867-1942). The exhibition provides a comprehensive look at Guimard’s career, his wife’s creative collaboration and his commitment to accessible design.
Featuring over 100 works by the French architect and designer best known for his iconic designs for the Paris Métro, the exhibition highlights Guimard’s commitment to the “total work of art”, reflecting his desire to incorporate beautiful and accessible design in all aspects of life.
His name is synonymous with the French Art Nouveau movement. Bringing together works including furniture, jewelry, metalwork, ceramics, drawings, and textiles from collections worldwide, Hector Guimard: Art Nouveau to Modernism is the first major American museum exhibition devoted to Guimard since the retrospective organized by the Museum of Modern Art in 1970. The exhibition will run until November 5, 2023. This exhibition was on view at Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum in New York City from November 18, 2022 through May 21, 2023.
Hector Guimard is best-known for his designs for the Paris Métro, which are so emblematic of the French Art Nouveau style that it was sometimes referred to as “le style Métro.” Representing a radical break from the classical and revival styles of the nineteenth century, Art Nouveau embraced natural forms while integrating architecture with the decorative and fine arts. Hector Guimard: Art Nouveau to Modernism explores Guimard’s commitment to sharing beautiful, sensuous, accessible designs for both civic architecture and everyday objects with a wide audience, as well as Guimard’s modern entrepreneurial approach to promoting his work through Le Style Guimard branding and his use of mass-production technologies. The show also explores the critical role played by his wife and collaborator Adeline Oppenheim Guimard, presenting new scholarship that underscores her critical role as her husband’s creative partner during his lifetime and ardent steward of his legacy.
“This exhibition tells the full story of Guimard’s career, with a new focus on the role his wife played in promoting his work and his innovative efforts to make modern design affordable, accessible, and a force for social good,” said curator David Hanks. “The collections of Richard H. Driehaus and the Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum hold some of the most significant objects by Hector Guimard in the United States. We are thrilled to unite these objects alongside important loans from national and international collections, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Musée d’Orsay, to reveal new insights into this remarkable designer and his lasting impact.”
At the Driehaus Museum, Guimard’s work and the Art Nouveau style will be placed in direct dialogue with the Gilded Age aesthetic of the Nickerson Mansion where the museum is housed. Though the building was completed in 1883—a few years before the Art Nouveau movement took off in Europe—the building’s architecture was influenced by the same reform movements that influenced Guimard. The Nickerson Mansion is a prime example of the Aesthetic Movement, which embraced the idea that art should not be confined to architecture, painting, and sculpture but should be incorporated into everyday life.
Hector Guimard: Art Nouveau to Modernism highlights how the designer’s commitment to the Gesamtkunstwerk—or “total work of art”—shaped his life and career, reflecting his desire to incorporate beautiful design in all aspects of urban life, from transportation to large-scale apartment buildings. In his most famous buildings, such as Castel Beranger, Hotel Guimard, and Castel Henriette, Guimard achieved this unity of work by carefully designing and planning every element, from the exterior façades to the furniture, wallpaper and doorknobs within the buildings. The exhibition also includes Guimard’s designs for affordable housing as well as some of his plans for responding to the post-World War I housing crisis.
Extending beyond his work, Guimard applied the concept of integrated design to his personal life as well. He designed everything from his wife Adeline Oppenheim’s wedding dress and engagement ring to their home and Guimard’s studio. On the occasion of their marriage, Oppenheim remarked, “It will be necessary for us to make of our whole life a work of art,”—a declaration manifested in every detail of the couple’s life.
The exhibition is divided into five thematic sections:
- Visionary Architect features drawings, plans, photographs, architectural fragments, and furnishings from some of Guimard’s most important buildings, including Castel Beranger and Castel Henriette. Castel Beranger was constructed between 1895-1897 and is the first example of Guimard’s desire to create a total work of art in which every element of the building was carefully designed and planned by Guimard. For Castel Henriette, which was completed in 1899 and demolished in 1969, Guimard also designed all the furnishings.
- Guimard as Entrepreneur addresses the marketing and branding that were key aspects to what helped Guimard succeed in creating ‘le style Guimard.” This section explores the architect’s penchant for entrepreneurship and the various materials he created to advertise his work, including exhibitions, postcards, posters, and publications. These will be displayed alongside some of his lesser-known plans for commercial and apartment buildings.
looks at Guimard’s collaborations with various French manufacturers, including designs developed in partnership with the Sèvres porcelain manufactory, the Saint-Dizier Foundries (for works in cast iron) and Langlois (for glass-pendant lamps and light fixtures).
- Design for Production looks at Guimard’s collaborations with various French manufacturers, including designs developed in partnership with the Sèvres porcelain manufactory, the Saint-Dizier Foundries (for works in cast iron) and Langlois (for glass-pendant lamps and light fixtures)..
- The section Guimard for the People focuses on his use of mass-production technology, such as standardized building components in cast iron, to promote his vision of design for all. This section includes examples of the cast-iron Parisian metro entrance panels and medallions he designed in addition to the architect’s unrealized plans for housing based on the principles of standardized construction. A video will demonstrate the construction of the only house ever built using Guimard’s Standard-Construction methodology.
- M & Mme Guimard, featuring Guimard’s designs for personal objects created for his personal use and for his wife, Adeline Oppenheim (1872–1965), an American artist from a wealthy financial family in New York, whom he married in 1909. In addition to objects such as the engagement ring and other jewelry he designed for his wife, this section includes plans and design objects from Hotel Guimard (constructed 1909-1912)—a new house Guimard designed for the couple, along with its interiors, furnishings, carpeting, and even table linens and door handles. This section also highlights Oppenheim’s great efforts to preserve her husband’s legacy following his death.
“Hector Guimard: Art Nouveau to Modernism reveals just how committed Guimard was to exceptional—and accessible—design,” said Interim Executive Director, Lisa M. Key. “And by situating his work within the beautifully elaborate halls and galleries of the Nickerson Mansion, our audiences are promised an exceptionally immersive environment that reminds us how good design elevates our daily lives, a core belief of our founder, Richard H. Driehaus. The exhibition also shares the next chapter in the story of modern architecture, following the work of architects like Louis H. Sullivan, whom we featured in our most recent exhibition.”
The Driehaus Museum exhibition is supported in part by the National Endowment for the Arts and the Richard H. Driehaus Annual Exhibition Fund. H. Driehaus.
The Richard H. Driehaus Museum explores the art, architecture, and design of the late 19th century to the present. The collection and exhibitions are presented in an immersive experience within the restored Nickerson Mansion, completed in 1883. Museum Website: driehausmuseum.org